FROM IZMIR - DAY TRIP TO PAMUKKALE AND HIERAPOLIS
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Your guide will meet you at Izmir Port or at your hotel in Izmir, holding up a sign with your name on it. We will then leave Izmir behind and drive through a verdant countryside. We will drive for 3,5 hours to Pamukkale & Hierapolis . On the half way, we will have a break.
The ancient city of Hierapolis was founded by Pergamum, probably Eumenes II, in the 2C BC. Hierapolis is believed to derive its name from Hiera, the wife of Telephus, both being legendary ancestors of kings of Pergamum. Hierapolis was also interpreted by some as the "holy city". All the surviving ruins of the city except the foundations of the Apollo Temple date back from the Imperial Roman period. We will arrive from the North Gate of Pamukkale (Hierapolis).
You will see the Necropolis (cemetery) of Hierapolis which is one of the biggest ancient cemeteries in Anatolia with 1.200 graves, Roman Bath, Domitian Gate, the Main Street, Byzantian Gate. Then, you walk to the natural warm water terraces which were formed by running warm spring water, at a temperature of 35 C / 102 F containing calcium bicarbonate. When the water loses its carbon dioxide it leaves limestone deposits. These are of different colors and shapes in the form of terraces with pools, overhanging surfaces and fascinating stalactite formations. Pamukkale, that means "cotton castle" in Turkish, takes its name from these formations.
If you like, you will also be able to swim in The Ancient Pool which is also called Cleopatras Pool (extra entrance fee)
A little further away from Pamukkale, near Karahayit village is another thermal spring, Kirmizi Su (the Red Water) with warmer water but less carbon dioxide gas, where the running water creates a reddish effect different than the white cotton terraces of Pamukkale.
Afterwards, we will drive back to Port or your hotel in Izmir.
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